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*A Modest Proposal

Provide three examples of “expedients” that Swift lists at the end of the proposal. What is the purpose of the list of “expedients” that Swift includes?

  1. Taxing absentee landowners: By taxing the landowners the government will be able to acquire money for the country, however little it may be. Their cattle and crops will be used for the greater good of the country, not just their own families. Also, they must treat their tenants with respect. Swift proposes this expedient because he believes if the country works for everyone's well-being, it will thrive.
  2. Boycott foreign products and only buy goods that are produced in Ireland: Swift does not want the people of Ireland to rely on support from foreign countries. He refuses to buy foreign products because he believes investing in such "luxury" will make foreign countries more successful. A powerful England is the last thing Swift wants. If Ireland avoids importing foreign goods, then Ireland will help weaken other countries' trade.
  3. Establishing patriotism within the country: Swift encourages the people of Ireland to have love and pride for their country because it will build the motivation needed to pull Ireland out of poverty and establish it as a respectful country.
Swift concludes that his expedients are mediocre and unrealistic, but he asks anyone else to state their opinions on how to improve the country. There are two main issues in his proposal: 1) Ireland does not have enough food, clothes, or shelter to take care of all the people inhabited in the country and 2) there is extreme poverty in Ireland. His goal of listing the expedients is to raise awareness in the government and the people in order to improve Ireland's economy.

It appears that Swift's "A Modest Proposal" has deeply affected some of the more radical readers..."Oh aye, BABY, the other, other white meat!""Baby...IT'S WHAT'S FOR DINNER!!!"

Babies are apparently very high in calories...
Check it Out:


"The Not-Quite-So Modest Proposal on the Public Display of Affection (a.k.a. PDA)"

As I walk through the silent halls of school, I turn the corner to experience one of the most commonly witnessed high school acts; a couple kissing and hugging as if they came straight out of a VH1 reality show. Now, you would think that students come early in the morning with high expectations for the schoolwork they are to learn in the course of that day. But outside of the classroom, it is a completely different story, complete with high school angst crackling with sexual innuendo.

After all, we all know that waiting until school is over to
kiss your significant other, in your own time, is an extremely preposterous proposal. In fact, we can all relate to the moment when you are in the middle of that impossible problem in a final. Of course, it is not distracting at all when you abruptly look out the window to scope out a couple engaging in intense acts of passion that border on the overtly sexual. Also, it is completely enjoyable and not awkward at all when the warning bell reminds you that there is a minute left to get to your next class, and a couple engaging in passionate kissing is on top your locker. The fun starts when you actually have to confront the couple, and ask them to politely move so you can access your locker. Sadly, the fun ends when I get my books and am late to my next class.

It’s clear that these acts of passion in our fine high schools clearly go relatively unnoticed. What if these acts make their way into the professional world, the world on which our country depends? In order to stop these atrocious acts, desperate measures must be taken.

All high schools should award a badge giving couples the privilege to hold hands. In order to obtain this reward, couples individually must receive a minimum GPA of 3.0. After the appropriate paperwork has been filled out, the couple will receive a special badge for each person to wear on a visible spot on their upper body. This badge allows couples to hold hands freely in the hallways. As an extra bonus, couples may hug at parting if both persons receive a minimum 3.5 GPA. Kissing of any kind is prohibited (even for pass holders) and non-pass holders caught hugging or holding hands will be strictly dealt with.

Punishments include anything from Saturday morning detentions to out-of-school suspensions. Parents of both parties will be notified of the relationship, and the decision to allow out-of-school romantic acts will be decided among the parental parties. PDA is uncalled for in an educational environment such as school. It not only diverts the attention of the PDA offenders but of the committed students around them. PDA encourages inappropriate behavior for the future, so it should be dealt with now.

*The Rape of the Lock

a. What did Pope's coevals think of his poem?

Alexander Pope wrote The Rape of the Lock in the hope of cooling some tension between two prominent Catholic families. Both families were angered because Lord Petre literally snipped off a lock of Arabella Fermor's hair. Pope's friend, John Caryll, suggested that Pope should write the poem because John believed it would cause the two familes to laugh at their juvenile behavior. The mock epic was written in a humerous manner in order to notify that Lord Petre and Arabella Fermor's (Belinda) histrionics were unnecessary. In the end the poem may have eased the tension of the situation slightly, but the tension did not disappear after both families had read the poem. After a few years the predicament became irrelevant.

Pope received the nickname The Wasp of Twickenham because he is known as one of the best satirist of all time. His writing style was agressive and witty , usually ridiculing a cause or individual people. Most of his writings were meant to "sting" whomever they were addressed to, which leads to the reason of why he received the nickname "The Wasp". In the Rape of the Lock he is ridiculing a higher society of young, materialistic people.

b. What is the purpose of the letter that introduces the poem? What do you think this letter accomplished?

The letter serves as a purpose of dedication. Alexander Pope dedicated The Rape of the Lock to Mrs. Arabella Fermor.

I think the letter helped accomplish a better understanding of what the mock epic is about. Alexander Pope defines what each of the four elements are and how they are intertwined with nature. He does this so Arabella will not be confused when she reads the poem. Pope also flatters her in many ways through out his letter such as: "...the character of Belinda, as it is now managed, resembles you in nothing but in beauty". His intentions are to ease the tensions between two families, and he flatters her in order to draw her attention towards the text because Arabella is one of the main people involved in the arguement. Wouldn't you want to read an article about yourself?

Other facts about Alexander Pope

  • He was born on May 21st, 1688 into a Catholic family.
  • Pope, at the age of twelve, was diagnoised with the disease tuerculosis; he grew to only 4'6", was humpbacked, and deformed.
  • He was friends with the famous writers Johnathan Swift, Joseph Addison, and Richard Steele during his lifetime.
  • Alexander Pope died in 1744 and was burried in Twickenham, Greater London.
  • His grave is located at St. Mary's Church.
  • Pope's skull was later purchased for examination and as a result, his soul is said to haunt the church.

*Johnson and Boswell

Modern Dictionary

Biddy: n. an attractive girl (used when you want to express that you have seen a hot girl but you do not want to express it out loud)
· “Look at that biddy at 3 o’clock!”
· Origin: Biddy originally meant “a chicken.” From chicken, the slang term “chick” has come to describe a girl. Biddy has also taken on this transformation.


1. v. to calm down
2. adj. cool, awesome, nice
3. v. to just hang out
4. adj. lenient; easygoing

  • Dave: “I HATE YOU!”
  • Alec: “Wow, just chill.”

  • “I hung out with Anthony yesterday, and he is chill.”

  • Neil: “What are you doing tonight”
  • Tyler: “I’m just chilling.”

  • Nick: “Your mom allows you to drive past 11 even when you’re not supposed to with your Junior License?”
  • Josh: “Yes, she is pretty chill about that.”

  • Origin: Chill originates from cool, which means “socially popular and well-liked and easy-going and calm.” But, “chill” has taken on several different meanings as time passed.

Ill: adj. awesome, cool, good, sick
  • “John’s car is ill.”
  • Origin: Originates from the word sick. The definition of sick has transformed to mean something cool or awesome.


Mad: adv. very, extremely
  • “Mark is mad good at soccer.”
  • Origin: Mad originally meant “extremely angry.” The strong connotation on the definition of mad has been transformed into slang.


Broski: n. a brother; a very good friend
  • “Yo broski, what do you wanna do tonight?”
  • Origin: Originates from the word brother.


Rents: n. parents
  • “I need to ask my rents if I can have some money to go to the movies tonight.”
  • Origin: Originates from the word parents


Beat: adj. a boring and bad situation
  • “This party is mad beat.”
  • Origin: Originates from the word beat, which means “to strike an undesirable object or person.”


Word: interj. acknowledgment as truth
  • “I hate school so much”
  • “Word!”
  • Origin: Word originates from the word "truth."


Dawg: n. a good friend
  • “What’s up dawg?”
  • Origin: Originates from the term “A dog is a man’s best friend.”


Ballin: adj. an awesome and entertaining situation
  • “That football play was ballin.”
  • Origin: Originates from the word basketball. It is also popularized in the hip hop community by rapper Jim Jones’ song “Ballin.”


*Addison & Steele: (Selections from the Spectator, Tatler, Guardian, and Freeholder)

1) "Practical Jokes, No. 45" (taken from the Spectator / written by Richard Steele)

In "Practical Jokes, No. 45" the narrator tells of an evening spent out on the town with "three merry; and two honest fellows."(6) The telling of jokes and death by laughter are fraudulent throughout this merry evening. Suddenly, one of the narrator's comrades states that "you scholars, Mr. Bickerstaff, are the worst company in the world."(6) "Ay," says his opposite across the table, "You are dull to-night; pr'ythee be merry."(6)With the conclusion of this statement the narrator gives a loud "huzzah" (6) and jumps across the table, coming down hard on landing."Let Mr. Bickerstaff alone," muses one of the "honest" fellows, "When he is in a good humor, he is as good company as any man in England."(6) The narrator then proceeds to snatch this fellow's hat from his head and bursts into laughter, creating an uproar that leaves the troupe laughing for a half hour.
After this bout is finished, one of the "honest" fellows gets behind the narrator and proceeds hit him with "a sound slap on the back,"(6) killing some of the humor. The narrator is angry, but still wishes to keep the good humor of the evening present. Drinking a "bumper of claret,"(7) he falls into a sort of a stupor. "Nay," says one of the "honest" fellows, "Mr. Isaac is in the right, there is no conversation in this: what signifies jumping, or hitting one another in the back? Let us drink about."(7) From seven until eleven o'clock they do so, and the narrator concludes the essay with his reflection of the evening that he remembers "nothing, but that I am bruised to death,"(7) and then is proceeding to his home to write down the events of the day and of his "sufferings and bangs."(7)

2) "Pathetic Stories, No. 82" (taken from the Spectator / written by Richard Steele)

In "Pathetic Stories, No. 82" the narrator begins by telling of "a young gentleman and lady of antient and honorable houses in Cornwall"(21) who have had a "generous and noble passion"(21) for each other since they were young. This relationship has consitently been denounced by their friends because of the "inequality of their fortunes"(22), but the two lovers have no qualms towards their friends about the disbelief that the relationship has created. They are devoted to each other, obedient towards each other, and this eventually causes their marriage to become unavoidable. After the marriage the bridegroom heads to a foreign country in order to collect an inheiritance from a member of his extended family, and the new couple receive the "congragulations of all the country"(22). The groom sends home letters of his travels abroad, but is soon unavoidably detained by an "unexpected arrival"(22).
Back home, his loving wife walks the seashore near her home every day with her friend, the husband's cousin, and looks for objects in which to divert herself from her husband's absence. Other subjects the two converse of are the future methods of life for the young couple and the happy change in circumstances experienced by the newlyweds. On one particular evening, the two stand on the beach observing the setting sun.


Explanation for coevals fued (Alexander Pope (a))

Alexander Pope

The Wasp of Twickenha

Picture for Biddy:
Picture for Ill: http://k53.pbase.com/u13/digiscape/large/38492164.20050109216.jpg
Picture for Mad: http://www.footballpictures.net/data/media/1/Ronaldinho.jpg
Picture for Broski:
Picture for Rents:
Picture for Beat: http://www.yale.edu/diffdrum/add/group,%20fall%20cast%20party.jpg
Picture for Word: http://www.everythreeweekly.com/pictures/stories/1017.jpg
Picture for Dawg: http://media.southparkstudios.com/media/images/1010/1010_2_dawg_crew2.jpg
Picture for Ballin: http://blog.nishantkaushik.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/02/tyree_catch.jp